1)Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
2)Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.
3)Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
4)Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
5)Honor thy father and thy mother.
6)Thou shalt not kill.
7)Thou shalt not commit adultery.
8)Thou shalt not steal.
9)Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
10)Thou shalt not covet.
Human duty toward God, and upon all mankind…
Ungodliness and Unrighteousness all sin is comprehended under those two heading. Godliness, Righteousness; love to God and love to neighbour.
Godliness and Righteousness must never be separated they must always came together.
Godliness ( to live only and entirely for God’s glory) must always came before righteousness. The real essence of sin is ungodliness. You cannot have Righteousness , morality without Godliness. The modern world is prove of this. (MLJ)
First Table: Ungodliness – any transgression of the first table.
Duties toward God:
The First Commandment: Recognition of the Sovereignty of God
The Second Commandment: The Unity and Spirituality of God
The Third Commandment: Against Perjury and Profane Swearing
The Fourth Commandment: The Sabbath
The Fifth Commandment: Honour of Parents
Second Table: Unrighteousness – any transgression of the second table.
Duties Towards Fellow-Men
The Sixth Commandment: The Sanctity of Human Life
The Seventh Commandment: The Sanctity of Marriage
The Eighth Commandment: The Sanctity of Property
The Ninth Commandment: Against Bearing False Witness
The Tenth Commandment: Against Covetous Desires
3Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
4Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.
5Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;
6And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
7Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
8Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
9Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:
10But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:
11For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
Honor thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
13Thou shalt not kill.
14Thou shalt not commit adultery.
15Thou shalt not steal.
16Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
17Thou shalt not covetthy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s.
- Io sono l’Eterno tuo Dio, che ti trasse dalla terra d’Egitto, dal luogo ove eri schiavo.
- Non avrai altro Dio che Me; non ti farai o adorerai alcuna immagine o figura.
- Non pronunciare il nome del Signore Dio tuo invano…
- Onora il giorno del sabato per santificarlo…
- Onora tuo padre e tua madre…
- Non uccidere.
- Non commettere adulterio.
- Non rubare.
- Non fare falsa testimonianza contro il tuo prossimo.
- Non desiderare la casa del tuo prossimo; non desiderare sua moglie, né il suo schiavo, né la sua schiava, né il suo bue, né il suo asino, né cosa alcuna cosa che appartenga al tuo prossimo.
In the Book of Genesis, we find in the 9:6 this statement, “Whoso sheddeth man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed.” Genesis 9:6 instituted capital punishmentas a penalty for murder. And the reason is given in the same verse, “For in the image of God made he man.” To take the life of a human being is to assault the image of God He created in man, and that brings about serious penalty. And so Genesis 9 authorizes capital punishment for those who shed blood, because man is made in the image of God.
Now if you were to study Exodus 20, you would find that the word “thou shalt not kill,” means “murder.” It means murder. It does not refer to capital punishment. That is taking a life under divine allowance. It does not refer to a just war. There were times in God’s economy of Israel. There are times in God’s plan for history when there are conflicts on a national level, carrying out certain exercises of the will of God in judgment upon some nations, where there might be an allowance for killing, and it would not be considered murder.http://www.gty.org/resources/sermons/1301-A/bible-questions-and-answers-part-3?Term=capital%20punishment
The text of Exodus 20 has anything to do with self defense. I think that we have the right to protect the image of God in our lives, and the lives of our families, and those about us when they are assaulted and attacked by those who would kill us.
But what the Bible is talking about is murder, murder, planned, plotted to some degree murder. InExodus 21:14 we read this. “But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; – ” or deceit “ – thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.” Again, God reiterates the punishment of capital punishment or death for the one who presumptuously comes in a premeditative way to take the life of his neighbor. http://www.gty.org/resources/sermons/2214/who-is-a-murderer?Term=capital%20punishment
Government has the power to take life. It must have that power. It must have the ultimate restraining power and Genesis 9 says “That whoever sheds man’s blood, by man shall his blood be shed.” Capital punishment, Genesis 9, for murder. Jesus said in Matthew 26:52, “If you live by the sword, you will die by the sword.” And thus did he affirm capital punishment. And Paul affirmed it in Acts 25:11 when he talked about committing things worthy of death. Paul affirms what Jesus said, Jesus affirms the revelation of God way back in Genesis.http://www.gty.org/resources/sermons/80-364/why-christians-submit-to-the-government?Term=capital%20punishment
In Numbers chapter 35 we have some further Word from God about this. Says, “If he smite him with an instrument of iron, so that he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death.” In other words, if a man takes an instrument of iron and crushes the skull of another, he’s a murderer. He is to die. “And if he smite him with throwing a stone, wherewith he may die, and he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death. Or if he smite him with a hand weapon of wood, wherewith he may die, and he die, he is a murderer: the murderer shall surely be put to death. The avenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer.” http://www.gty.org/resources/sermons/2214/who-is-a-murderer
https://www.gty.org/resources/questions/QA017 Thou shalt not kill
LAW and GRACE
A. The Law Sheds Additional Light on Sin.
B. The Law Tends to Make Men Rebel.
C. The Law Removes All Excuse.
D. The Law Causes the Offence to Abound.
E. The Law Shows Us How Very Black We Are.
F. The Law Reveals the Abundance of Sin.
G. The Law Brings Home Condemnation.
H. The Law Brings the Discovery of the Powerlessness Occasioned by Sin.
A. Grace Excels Sin in Measure and Efficacy.
B. Grace Shows Us the King of Kings.
C. Grace Can Never Be Reversed.
D. Grace Makes Us Joyful and Free.
E. Grace Renders Us Fit Companions for Angels!